- 1 What is travelers’ diarrhea?
- 2 How to treat travelers’ diarrhea? Diarrhea medication Cipro (Ciprofloxacin) 250/500mg
- 3 Best antibiotics for traveler’s diarrhea
- 4 Cipro dose for traveler’s diarrhea
- 5 Travelers’ diarrhea prevention
- 6 What causes diarrhea?
- 7 How to treat diarrhea? What to take for diarrhea
- 8 Best medicine for diarrhea
- 9 Toddler diarrhea treatment. Baby diarrhea medicine
- 10 My toddler has diarrhea. How to stop diarrhea in infants?
- 11 Diarrhea treatment for adults. What medicine to take for diarrhea?
- 12 How to stop severe diarrhea? What medicine is good for severe diarrhea?
- 13 Fluid stool with vomiting in adults
- 14 Diarrhea: When to go to the doctor?
- 15 What to do for severe diarrhea?
- 16 Diarrhea medicine for adults. What can I take to stop diarrhea?
What is travelers’ diarrhea?
Travelers’ diarrhea definition and causes.
Travelers’ diarrhea develops in a third of people who have dramatically changed their climate zone. Usually digestive disorders occur within the first two weeks. But we will help you to travel without stomach problems.
Why does diarrhea appear in people who have moved from one climate to another, medicine cannot answer for sure yet. However, in the first place diarrhea is caused by either pathogenic microbes’ characteristic of the area or parasites. Sometimes diarrhea is a mild form of dysentery.
The second cause of diarrhea is a change in diet. At the new place there is a completely different water, local types of vegetables and fruits, vegetable fats, often unfamiliar and unusual for you.
Do not forget that long journeys are always a big stress for the body. At the new place other climatic conditions. In that case, if you have an excitable nervous system, then only one move is enough to get diarrhea on nerves.
Due to all these external changes, the intestinal microflora may change, which passes with the appearance of diarrhea.
Do not think that travelers’ diarrhea happens only if you are traveling through the backward and semi-wild countries of Asia and Africa. There are studies that prove that if you go to economically developed countries that are in a different climate zone, the risk of diarrhea of travelers is the same as when you travel to Africa.
By the way, African countries are in first place in terms of the number of diseased tourists, Middle Eastern countries are in second place, South Europe is in third place and South Asia is in fourth place. Moreover, the frequency of occurrence of traveler’s diarrhea does not depend on the season.
How to treat travelers’ diarrhea? Diarrhea medication Cipro (Ciprofloxacin) 250/500mg
Dr. Arvind Mahadevan, MD: Travelers’ diarrhea is treated in the hospital with clinical and epidemiological indications. Patients are hospitalized in moderate and severe condition. Mild diarrhea is treated at home.
When a patient call for medical care, the doctor should not miss the tourist’s inflamed diarrhea. The acute course of the disease requires compliance with a sparing diet.
Mild travelers’ diarrhea requires oral administration of rehydration agents:
- Humana Electrolyte.
Such treatment is effective in 95% of cases with dehydration of 1-2 degrees. The solution must be drunk 150 ml every 15 minutes. Patients who are treated in a hospital suffer from dehydration of 2-3 degrees.
These patients showed intravenous administration of rehydration agents. To do this, apply solutions Chlosol, Acesol.
Travelers’ diarrhea is treated in 2 stages:
1. Elimination of dehydration;
2. Correction of current water loss.
In the case of diarrhea, the solution is administered at a rate of 60-80 ml / min, taking into account the degree of dehydration. Inpatient treatment also includes the intake of enterosorbents:
This therapy lasts 3 days. For the treatment of traveler’s diarrhea, the patient is indicated enzyme therapy:
Treatment of tourist diarrhea includes taking medications that regulate the balance of the intestinal flora – probiotics:
Therapy with the above preparations lasts 7-10 days. Often, travelers’ diarrhea is treated with Loperamide.
This drug helps to reduce the tone and motor function of the intestine due to binding to the opioid receptors of the intestine. In this case, the antidiarrheal effect appears.
At the initial stage of therapy, the patient is prescribed 4 mg of the drug, and then his dosage is reduced twice. The maximum daily dosage is 16 mg. Loperamide is contraindicated in invasive diarrhea.
The patient may also be prescribed Bismuth Subsalicylate at a dosage of 528 mg. The drug is taken 1 time in 60 minutes, with the maximum daily dosage of 4.2 mg.
This medication is contraindicated in pregnancy and patients taking anticoagulants or doxycycline.
When the disease in question is shown antibiotics. Due to the difficulty of conducting laboratory tests at the first stage, doctors prescribe empirical therapy.
In this case, the prescribed drug should have a wide impact, reaching a maximum concentration in the intestine.
Before carrying out such therapy, the physician should know the sensitivity of the pathogen to the drug in this region.
If more than 80% of the strains are sensitive to the prescribed medication, it is included in the empirical treatment.
Best antibiotics for traveler’s diarrhea
Dr. Arvind Mahadevan, MD: The prevention of travel to sanitary dangerous regions, as well as the treatment of travelers’ already developed diarrhea, includes antibiotic therapy.
Chemoprophylaxis of traveler’s diarrhea is carried out with the following drugs:
- Ciprofloxacin (Cipro) 500 mg;
- Ofloxacin 300 mg;
- Norfloxacin 400 mg;
- Levofloxacin 500 mg;
- Rifaximin 200 mg twice a day.
Such prevention is carried out before the departure of the tourist and its duration should not exceed 30 days. Antibacterial prophylaxis is indicated for persons with immunodeficiency.
She is also assigned to patients who are not inclined to observe the rules of hygiene and food regime during the trip.
Scientists have found that in Thailand there are resistant strains for drugs of the pharmacological group fluoroquinolones. Therefore, Azithromycin is used to treat the condition in question.
Antibiotic treatment is retained if the patient has a temperature above 39 degrees, while the intoxication clinic increases, and blood with mucus is present in the stool.
In such cases, the following medication is indicated:
- Rifaximin or Alfa Normix 200 mg three times a day or 400 mg twice a day. Therapy with these drugs lasts 3 days;
- Ciprofloxacin, Ciprolet or Ciprobay is prescribed at a dosage of 500 mg twice a day. The treatment lasts 1-3 days;
- Ofloxacin at a dosage of 300 mg is taken twice a day for 1-3 days;
- Norfloxacin at a dosage of 400 mg is taken twice a day for 1-3 days;
- Levofloxacin 500 mg is taken once, but for 1-3 days;
- Azithromycin or Sumamed is prescribed at a dosage of 500 mg once every 1-3 days.
If Giamblia is found in a patient, Tinidazole therapy of 2 g per day is indicated.
In Mexico, the disease in question is more likely to be provoked by Escherichia, therefore, patients who come from this country are included in Rifaximin treatment.
In Thailand, the defeat of the gastrointestinal tract is provoked by Campylobacter, so Azithromycin is prescribed to patients arriving from this country.
Travelers’ diarrhea is not a life-threatening disease. Her forecast is positive. Severe illness can be observed in patients with weak immunity and in individuals with concomitant gastrointestinal diseases.
The risk group also includes children and pregnant women. A patient with traveler’s diarrhea recovers in the first week in 90% of cases and in a month in 98% of cases.
Cipro dose for traveler’s diarrhea
The use of antibiotics can shorten the duration of the disease from several days to several hours. For moderate to severe diarrhea, the doctor may prescribe one of these antibiotics:
- Ciprofloxacin (Cipro);
- Norfloxacin (Noroxin);
- Ofloxacin (Floxin);
- Doxycycline (Vibramycin).
Dr. Arvind Mahadevan, MD: Ciprofloxacin (Cipro) for travelers’ diarrhea is prescribed at a dosage of 500 mg twice a day. The treatment lasts 1-3 days.
Important! We strongly advise you not to take antibiotics yourself. To prescribe these funds should only a doctor, and preferably after bacteriological research.
Travelers’ diarrhea prevention
It should be noted that treating travelers’ diarrhea is always associated with diagnostic difficulties. Therefore, it is better to prevent the disease than to treat it.
The main advice that you can give you – do not eat raw water, raw meat and raw seafood. In addition, the danger may come from poorly washed vegetables and fruits.
When preparing for the trip, take with you an antimicrobial agent known to you (for example, Ciprofloxacin) to start treatment immediately if necessary.
Persons who need to visit countries at risk for the tourist’s diarrhea should take with them medications that stop the main clinic of this disease.
Antibiotics take with them, taking into account the regional characteristics of the spread of the pathogen causing the tourist’s disease.
To conduct chemoprophylaxis on the development of travelers’ diarrhea, use of drugs such as Ofloxacin, Norfloxacin, Rifaximin.
The most common pathology is triggered by non-invasive strains, including E. Coli. In such cases, Ciprofloxacin is indicated.
With the manifestation of the above clinic is recommended to consult with an infectious diseases specialist.
Doxycycline has s a good preventive effect, but side effects are possible. Therefore, it is not recommended to take it without consulting a doctor.
In addition, you can advise as a prophylaxis of bismuth subsalicylate. This medicine should be applied 4 times a day. Start the reception 1 day before departure, take the drug all the time of the journey and then within 2 days after returning.
What causes diarrhea?
The vast majority of cases of diarrhea are associated with various diseases of the digestive tract. It may be colitis, gastritis, pancreatitis, enteritis, hepatitis.
Almost always, the violation of the biological balance in the stomach and intestines is also accompanied by diarrhea. Often the cause of diarrhea is malnutrition. If you are a fan of hot spices, salads and soda, then your stomach may one day resist such a diet.
Also negatively affects the work of the stomach food without a certain mode. Sometimes the use of nicotine can even cause diarrhea. You can eat perfectly right, but try some new dish or combination of products and get food allergies and how its manifestation is diarrhea.
There are a number of drugs, the use of which provokes the development of diarrhea. Taking antibiotics, a number of vitamin preparations, iron supplements, be prepared for the appearance of diarrhea. Of course, the use of toxic substances can also cause you diarrhea.
Diarrhea may appear as a result of metabolic disorders of the main components of the diet. The body does not absorb the substances necessary for normal digestion, and that is the reason for the development of diarrhea.
Some people in the body do not produce enzymes for absorption, for example, lactose. If you eat foods that include lactose, these people will have diarrhea.
And another cause of diarrhea – the change of food, water and climate that occur during long journeys. Such diarrhea and the name has a corresponding – travelers’ diarrhea.
A large number of cases of diarrhea can be associated with the activity of viral infections. Such viruses include rotavirus, adenovirus and many others. To pick up such a sore is not difficult. You don’t even have to personally communicate with a sick person, sometimes it’s enough just to eat unwashed hands after visiting public transport – and you are already a carrier of rotavirus. Here you have the cause of diarrhea.
Viral infections are the main cause of diarrhea in babies up to 2 years. Indeed, at this age it is sometimes impossible to keep track of what happens to be in a child’s mouth.
The baby’s body temperature rises, he is shivering, diarrhea is accompanied by vomiting. The illness is acute and fast.
Adult patients suffer from such viruses, at least children, but the disease passes in a less bright form and longer – more than 1 month.
Infection can be not only viral, but also bacterial. Often the cause of diarrhea are parasites that inhabit the human body.
One type of diarrhea, irritable bowel syndrome, causes nervous tension. This is not to say that this type of diarrhea is very common, but in recent years the number of patients with “bear disease” is growing. In most cases, it is women. During a tense situation, an increased amount of adrenaline is secreted into the blood – this substance and affects the intestines.
How to treat diarrhea? What to take for diarrhea
Recommendations for the treatment of diarrhea.
If diarrhea in you is caused by avitaminosis, then you need to replenish the diet with essential vitamins, and they will also be given to you as an injection. If you have dysbacteriosis and it is he who causes diarrhea, then prescribe drugs containing bifidobacteria and lactobacilli.
If you suffer from colitis, anti-inflammatory medications are needed to eliminate the cause of diarrhea. Well, in cases of infectious diseases, of course, it is necessary to destroy pathogenic microbes.
With prolonged diarrhea, dehydration can be a big danger for you. If you just drink water, only part of the problem will be solved. With diarrhea, trace elements and vitamins are removed from the body. To compensate for these losses do not drink just water. Drink tea with lemon and sugar or honey, special water-based preparations that are designed for this purpose.
If you drink water, then necessarily mineral. You can add a little salt to ordinary water and add glucose to it.
If diarrhea is accompanied by vomiting, your condition is even worse. Be sure to drink at least a little, but often, every quarter of an hour.
For diarrhea, you need to adjust your diet. It is better to eat a little bit, but make small intervals between meals. So the digestive tract will be easier to cope with their work.
Exclude from the menu heavy fried and fatty foods, coffee, as well as oddly enough milk. It will be good to use astringent, soft foods that envelop the stomach and intestines. This is boiled sticky rice, fruit puree, especially apple, bananas, crackers.
As soon as you feel stomach discomfort, do not hesitate to take activated charcoal, at the rate of 1 tablet per 10 kilograms of body weight.
And another great recipe of the people, proven by generations and very effective. This is a glass of cool salted vodka. Of course, if you have diarrhea caused by infections, then this recipe may not help.
Treatment of diarrhea caused by IBS
A separate discussion on the treatment of diarrhea caused by the so-called “irritable bowel syndrome”. Today it is a fairly common disease, so it is impossible not to dwell on it.
In this case, a diet that excludes products of coarse and fibrous structure, such as raw fruits and vegetables, is necessary. It is forbidden to consume irritating drinks, such as coffee, alcohol. In some cases, it is necessary to remove dairy products from the diet, but this decision is made by the doctor on the basis of tests.
In the event that you have irritable bowel syndrome, you may feel anxiety and tension, you may feel that this is a very serious disease that is not treatable. However, it is not.
Such thoughts can badly affect the course of treatment. It is known that in some cases diarrhea can be caused by psychological tension. Therefore, a positive attitude is very important. To relieve symptoms, Imodium is the best remedy. This is an effective drug that does not have side effects.
Best medicine for diarrhea
Diarex – natural and safe remedy for diarrhea
Ayurvedic remedy Diarex is a natural, effective remedy for diarrhea of any kind. The unique formula of the remedy for diarrhea is recommended for the complex treatment of gastrointestinal diseases.
The effect of Diarex Himalaya on the body:
- stops diarrhea;
- fights pathogenic bacteria;
- fights viruses and infection;
- relieves inflammation;
- is an adsorber;
- eliminates dysbacteriosis.
Diarex is used in the following cases:
- acute diarrhea;
- chronic diarrhea;
- food poisoning;
- diarrhea caused by allergies;
- diarrhea caused by various kinds of infections;
- worm infestations;
- irritation of the intestine;
- violation of intestinal microflora.
Diarex does not violate the body’s natural microflora.
How to use the drug Diarex Himalaya?
- for children aged 6 to 13 years old, take 1 tablet twice a day, between meals;
- Adults take 2 tablets twice a day, between meals;
- The duration of the drug in the acute form of diarrhea is 2-7 days;
- The duration of the drug in chronic form of diarrhea and dysbiosis is 2-6 weeks;
- if necessary, the course of treatment can be repeated after two weeks.
- children under 6 years of age;
- women during pregnancy and the subsequent period of lactation;
- intestinal obstruction;
- an allergic reaction to the drug;
- acute intestinal infection.
Toddler diarrhea treatment. Baby diarrhea medicine
Differences between baby’s diarrhea and adult’s diarrhea
There are several fundamental differences between childhood diarrhea and adult diarrhea. First, children have diarrhea more often. Secondly, diarrhea is often very long and therefore causes great harm to the health of the baby. Therefore, when diarrhea in a child, it is advisable to consult a doctor.
If the baby has impaired digestive processes, then it necessarily entails disorders in metabolism, and behind this, and malfunctioning in other organs and systems. This is due to the fact that in children the body is only being formed, the immune system is still working poorly. In addition, it is often the case that prolonged diarrhea is an indicator of the presence in the body of more serious problems, maybe even congenital.
Diarrhea in babies can be infectious and non-infectious in origin
In terms of treatment, infectious diarrhea is simpler, since it is not very difficult to identify the causative agent. But the second type is more difficult to cure, because sometimes you need to pass a lot of tests to understand the cause of diarrhea in your child.
In some cases, after extensive research, doctors still come to the use of antimicrobial agents. Sometimes microbes are not the root cause, but the consequence of any more serious physiological disorders.
Also, diarrhea in children is divided into acute and chronic
Basically, the acute form of the disease goes away in 1 week or even faster, however, there are cases when the acute form of diarrhea lasts longer than 15 days. In the event that your baby has diarrhea does not pass so long, he can become chronic. Doctors consider diarrhea chronic if it does not go away within three months.
Sometimes, when it comes to chronic diarrhea, it is even impossible to accurately determine when diarrhea began.
Complications of child diarrhea
Unfortunately, even if you seem to have cured diarrhea in a child, there is no guarantee that the digestive organs have regained their functions. For a long time, your child may experience various disorders, such as constipation, bloating.
Especially dangerous is diarrhea for your baby, if he has not yet turned 1-year-old and if he is on artificial feeding. The number of deaths from intestinal infections in these children is fourteen times higher than in children who are breastfed.
Causes of diarrhea in children
Why do babies have long-term diarrhea?
- Due to malnutrition, lack of certain vitamins and trace elements in the diet.
- Due to reduced body resistance.
- If there is an infection in the body.
- In the event that you feed the baby with mixtures or cow’s milk.
Child diarrhea prevention
The main way to protect your baby from diarrhea and digestive problems is breastfeeding.
At an older age, it is necessary to carefully balance the diet of your baby according to the main indicators. An important role in the normal functioning of the digestive organs is played by a healthy lifestyle. Long walks, hardening, outdoor games – all this will help you grow a healthy child.
My toddler has diarrhea. How to stop diarrhea in infants?
Smecta – is a remedy for diarrhea in your baby
Diarrhea is almost the most common childhood illness. Plus, diarrhea is recognized as one of the frequent reasons for parents to contact the medical staff. It can also be one of the causes of mortality in newborns and young children.
In this part of the article, the medical board of our website will help you learn how to help your child overcome diarrhea. After all, the fact that the baby was healthy, every mom dreams. If you want to help your baby as soon as possible in a difficult moment, then this article is intended especially for you.
It’s no secret that children are much more likely to suffer from a change in the chair. Moreover, these changes can be saved for a sufficiently long period of time. Most often, these violations are so vivid in nature that they require close attention from medical staff.
And this is indeed the case, since with diarrhea a child faces a threat to his life. That is why it is necessary to treat diarrhea in childhood not only effectively, but also very quickly.
Smecta is an effective adsorbent
It is necessary to treat diarrhea in children with the help of adsorbent preparations. One of these drugs is Smecta. That it is able to adsorb rotaviruses, which are one of the main causes of diarrhea in children, especially in toddlers of infancy.
It should be noted that this drug has long been recognized by all pediatricians of the world. They prescribe it in the complex treatment of diarrhea in children, regardless of what became the true cause of the violation of the chair.
Most modern drugs are designed to eliminate the disease itself, but not its manifestation. Yes, these drugs “fix”, stop diarrhea, but they do not destroy the cause of diarrhea.
Smecta in turn has not only an adsorbing effect, it also forms a barrier that protects the mucous membrane of the digestive tract from various damaging factors. Such factors may include hydrochloric acid produced in the stomach, bile salts that are present in bile, toxins, and microorganisms. Smecta absorbs gases, thereby reducing bloating.
Smecta for children’s diarrhea
The course of treatment with Smecta is at least 3 days. During this time, the child’s body is cleared of toxins, and the mucous barrier of its intestines is fully restored.
So, children under 1-year-old can be given 1 sachet bag per day, from 1 year to 2 years old – 2 sachets per day, over 2 years old – 2 to 3 sachets per day. The powder must be dissolved in a baby bottle; into which you first need to pour 50 milliliters of water. The resulting liquid should be given to the child gradually throughout the day.
Do not give all at once. If the child refuses to drink this water, then Smecta can be added to porridge, compote, mashed potatoes, or any other baby food. Do not worry, the effect of this drug will not change.
You can buy Smecta at a pharmacy without a doctor’s prescription
However, you need to remember that this medicine is capable of adsorbing not only components harmful to the child’s body, but also medicines. That is why between doses of drugs, make the interval for a period of 1 hour, no less.
Dear mothers, I want to draw your attention to the fact that if your child has diarrhea, you should not deprive him of food. You need to simply reduce its quantity. Feed the children as you did before the illness. The only exception is that the child refuses to eat. In such cases, do not force it.
Summing up, I would like to say that only we are responsible for our children. There is a huge amount of dietary supplements for children. Buy them for your child, they will help protect him from various diseases. Take care of yourself and your children and be healthy! Before use, you should consult with a specialist.
Diarrhea treatment for adults. What medicine to take for diarrhea?
The best cure for diarrhea in adults will help pick a doctor, taking into account the cause of the ailment. Often, the patient is prescribed a combination of medicines from different groups, which helps to quickly solve the problem and eliminate stool disorders.
Types of drugs for diarrhea
All drugs for diarrhea in adults can be divided into several groups:
1. Antibiotics and intestinal antiseptics. Used for infectious type of diarrhea. The action of such drugs is aimed at the destruction of pathogenic microorganisms (viruses, bacteria, fungi) and the relief of the main symptoms of the disease (diarrhea, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting).
2. Enterosorbents – drugs with astringent, absorbent and enveloping action. Bind and remove toxic substances from the body, contribute to the consolidation of the chair.
3. Preparations normalizing intestinal motility. Their use reduces the secretion of mucus, reduces the frequency of urge to defecate and slows intestinal motility.
4. Probiotics and prebiotics. Funds that restore the balance of beneficial microflora in the intestine are used in the treatment of dysbacteriosis and related digestive disorders.
Let’s take a closer look at the properties and rules for using antidiarrheal drugs from different drug groups and make a list of the best drugs for diarrhea in adults.
Antibiotics and antiseptics
Drugs in this group are designed to combat intestinal infections, they must be prescribed by a doctor taking into account the type of pathogen, the type of pathology, the severity of symptoms and other nuances. In infectious diarrhea, self-medication should not be involved, as an incorrectly chosen drug can only complicate the situation. Most often, the following drugs are included in the complex therapy:
Tetracycline is an antibacterial drug that has a wide spectrum of action, so it can be used to treat diarrhea of infectious origin.
The drug is taken on 250 mg 3 times a day, drinking water (the average dose for an adult with infectious diarrhea). The duration of the treatment course is determined by the doctor, most often it is 5-7 days.
Tetracycline is highly desirable to use only after the pathogen has been established, which has led to the development of intestinal infection and diarrhea. The fact is that there are strains of bacteria that have developed resistance to this drug.
Tetracycline cannot be combined with drugs containing metal ions, as well as with penicillin and cephalosporin group drugs, estrogen-containing oral contraceptives, with retinol and chymotrypsin. After taking the drug may develop an allergic reaction, various disorders of the digestive and nervous system. Tetracycline treatment should be combined with the use of probiotics, which will prevent the development of dysbiosis.
During the use of tetracycline increases the risk of photosensitization, so patients should be careful with the time in the sun.
- Low cost of the drug;
- A wide range of antimicrobial activity.
- The inability to use the drug at the same time with dairy products;
- Strict adherence to dosage;
- The dependence of the drug on food intake (either on an empty stomach, or 2 hours after a meal);
- Undesirable interaction with other drugs, the list of which is extensive;
- Lack of treatment for diarrhea in children under 8 years of age, in lactating and pregnant women.
The price on Tetracycline in online pharmacies – from $ 30 to $ 190, depending on the dosage and the number of tablets per pack.
Metronidazole is a derivative of 5-nitroimidazole. It has antiprotozoal and antimicrobial action.
Metronidazole tablets prescribed 1 tablet twice a day. The course of admission is up to 4 days.
Bactericidal antibiotic belonging to semi-synthetic penicillins. Effective against intestinal infections.
For patients with a body weight of 40 kg Amoxicillin is prescribed 500 mg of the drug three times a day. With less body weight – a single dose is 250 mg, and for children under five years old – 125 mg.
Preparations regulating intestinal motility
The development of diarrhea is directly related to impaired intestinal motor function. To normalize the peristalsis, reduce the production of intestinal mucus and reduce the frequency of urge to defecate, prescribe drugs based on the active substance Loperamide.
The remedy for diarrhea is available in the form of capsules and lozenges with mint flavor. The active substance – Loperamide, slows down the movement of the food lump in the digestive tract, helps to keep fecal mass by increasing the tone of the sphincter, at the same time relaxes smooth muscle, which reduces peristalsis and reduces the frequency of the urge to defecate.
The drug is prescribed for the treatment of acute and chronic diarrhea of various etiologies (medicinal, allergic, neurogenic), as an auxiliary agent it is used in the treatment of infectious diarrhea. Contraindications to the purpose – acute dysentery, intestinal obstruction, acute form of ulcerative colitis, diverticulosis, enterocolitis, hypersensitivity to the active substance.
Analogue of Loperamide are drugs Imodium. This tool is available in the form of capsules and absorbable tablets with mint flavor.
The preparations of this group provide for the binding and elimination of toxins, absorb all the harmful substances like a sponge, perform a protective function, enveloping the intestinal walls and softening the manifestations of the inflammatory process. In milder forms of diarrhea, medication with absorbing properties is enough to reduce stool frequency and normalize digestion.
This remedy contains oxides of magnesium and aluminum, is available in powder form for the preparation of suspensions with vanilla or orange flavor. Due to the pronounced absorbing properties, Smecta eliminates increased gas formation, protects the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines from the action of toxic substances, eliminates diarrhea, helps to cope with nausea and vomiting in food poisoning.
Before applying, the Smecta sachet needs to be dissolved in 100 ml of boiled water before receiving the suspension and immediately drunk. For diarrhea, you can take the drug every 2 hours until relief comes and the stool is normal. Contraindications for the drug a little – it is individual intolerance to active substances, bowel obstruction or chronic constipation.
This remedy is made on the basis of colloidal silicon dioxide, which has powerful absorbent and detoxifying properties. It is produced in the form of a powder, from which a suspension is prepared before intake. Polysorb is prescribed for intestinal infections of different etiologies, accompanied by diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and other symptoms of intoxication.
Restrictions on the use of the drug are acute peptic ulcer disease, stomach bleeding, intestinal atony, and individual intolerance.
Among other means with absorbing properties used in the treatment of diarrhea, the doctor may prescribe Enterosgel, Atoxil, Carbolenum.
This is a group of drugs for diarrhea and dysbacteriosis in adults, the mechanism of action of which is aimed at normalizing digestion and restoring the normal intestinal biocenosis. Diarrhea on the background of dysbiosis often develops after a course of antibiotics or taking other medicines. In this case, medications containing beneficial bifidobacteria and lactobacilli will help.
The preparation includes three varieties of lactic acid bacteria, which restore the beneficial intestinal microflora and thereby relieve diarrhea and other digestive disorders.
- Mutaflor and others.
How to stop severe diarrhea? What medicine is good for severe diarrhea?
Common causes of severe diarrhea in adults
Diarrhea is one of the symptoms of a number of diseases, so this manifestation is not diagnosed separately and is mainly treated in a complex. Before prescribing a general treatment regimen, a doctor must find out not only the disease itself, but also the causes, which are the causative agents.
Diarrhea can “catch on” for a long time in the body of an adult and the reasons why this symptom cannot be treated right away are very different. Regular food poisoning, which does not have aggravating consequences, or the malfunction of the gastrointestinal tract organs is easily treated, and in some cases, for a full recovery it is enough to follow a gentle diet.
The most common causes of diarrhea are:
- Colds and other diseases (gastrointestinal organs, infectious);
- Malfunctions of the central nervous system, a consequence of deep stress;
- Poisoning toxic substances and food.
Sometimes the cause of long-term diarrhea is a complex effect of several factors simultaneously.
Severe diarrhea with water. Watery diarrhea
Severe diarrhea with water, especially if the process of defecation is repeated often (2-3 times per hour) threatens the body with rapid dehydration. If diarrhea appears suddenly, at first there is no need to do anything to treat a symptom: thus, the body tries to get rid of toxic substances.
If diarrhea lasts for more than 48 hours and at the same time, the stool practically has no fecal masses, and are inherently water with mucus, you should immediately seek medical help.
Several factors can provoke such a phenomenon. Watery diarrhea causes:
- Unsanitary conditions.
- Lack of personal hygiene items, violation of its rules.
- Poisoning with food products (non-compliance with cooking and heat treatment technologies, stitched lines, loss of package integrity, poor quality or complete lack of surface treatment of certain types of products, including fruits and vegetables under running water).
- Chemical (poisons, toxins) poisoning.
- Rotavirus infection.
- Diseases of the digestive tract, gallbladder.
The situation with liquid stool, when the fecal masses against the background of watery stools are practically absent, becomes more complicated if diarrhea is observed for a long period. In this case, there is a great danger of dehydration, besides, electrolytes, enzymes and microflora, which are involved in the digestion process, are vital for the digestive tract.
Severe diarrhea with fever
The presence of such a serious symptom as high body temperature in case of profuse diarrhea requires immediate action on the part of physicians: in a complex, these two factors indicate the rapid development of infection in the human body. The most common cause of the simultaneous occurrence of high temperature and profuse diarrhea is infection, which is transmitted by airborne droplets as a result of acute food or toxic poisoning.
Some of the foodstuffs most often become provocateurs of acute diarrhea with temperature:
- Seafood and fish. The cause of poisoning is some of the methods of preparation (dishes where the products are present in raw form) improper heat treatment, overdue periods of use, violation of the rules of transportation and storage.
- Eggs. Most people suffer from poisoning who love dishes from raw eggs, or cooked soft-boiled eggs.
- Meat. The cause of poisoning is similar to those observed with the consumption of fish and seafood.
- Water. Most often this is a fluid that does not pass the necessary testing and cleaning.
With proper treatment and compliance with standards of sanitation, an infection that can be found in products dies almost immediately.
Fluid stool with vomiting in adults
Vomiting and loose stool, symptoms that are dangerous in their manifestations, especially if they are observed simultaneously and are accompanied by fever. The danger of manifestation is the rapid rate of dehydration and the loss of microflora necessary for normal functioning of the body, especially if the situation is beyond control for over 2 days.
The cause of vomiting and diarrhea can be:
- Infection. Dysentery, intestinal flu, salmonellosis or other infections can, if ingested, create the most severe toxic poisoning that provokes serious consequences.
- Diseases of the digestive tract, including those that are considered severely treatable (Crohn’s disease).
- Inflammatory processes that occur on the background of the development of ulcers and gastritis.
- Chemical and food poisoning.
What is the dangers of profuse watery diarrhea?
Diarrhea refers to diseases that often occur with the onset of heat, the period of the year when the activity of viruses and bacteria increases many times. Parasites and some types of helminths create toxic compounds in the body when they are injected, it is these microorganisms that cause the development of inflammatory processes in areas of the gastrointestinal tract. Some changes occurring at this moment may have serious negative consequences for the organism.
Dehydration is one of the most serious factors that can not only disrupt the functioning of internal organs, but also cause serious changes. If you do not take measures to prevent dehydration, and do not follow the restoration of the desired water balance, the person may completely weaken and subsequently die.
Dehydration is manifested as follows:
- The amount of urine decreases, its color changes from light yellow to brown.
- There is a weakness and dizziness.
- Fall of blood pressure.
- A state of drowsiness appears, turning into a loss of consciousness.
Non-treatment of dysentery, typhoid and other infectious diseases in which diarrhea and diarrhea are one of the leading symptoms can lead to the development of severe dehydration, which in turn creates the risk of death.
Dysbacteriosis is a condition in which there are violations of the microflora of the gastrointestinal organs, directly related to the work of digestion. When diarrhea, part of the beneficial microflora is washed out of the body along with the liquid. To restore the microflora on its own, the body takes time, sometimes, in particularly difficult cases, the period may vary in duration.
At the first signs of dehydration and dysbacteriosis, experts prescribe treatments that help keep the body normal. A number of products containing enzymes and microorganisms that are beneficial for the body are used as reducing substances, with which they balance the balance.
Diarrhea: When to go to the doctor?
Experts do not advise taking medication for diarrhea on the first day. This physiological manifestation is explained by the fact that in this way the body peculiarly tries to eliminate the consequences of poisoning and malfunction of the digestive tract, tries to eliminate toxins in a natural way. If diarrhea lasts more than two days, and at the same time the patient’s condition does not worsen, you need to go to the clinic.
Which of the manifestations, in addition to diarrhea, are a reason for seeking help from specialists:
- If diarrhea is observed in young children or in the elderly.
- If during diarrhea there is a long period of increased temperature, which does not subside (+ 380C) even after the administration of medication began.
- When an allergic, or psychosomatic reaction occurs on the background of medication in the treatment of diarrhea.
- If there are persistent pain in the stomach.
- If diarrhea is observed in a complex in the presence of other dangerous symptoms: vomiting, the presence of blood in the vomit and feces, a sharp deterioration in the general condition.
- If there are signs of severe dehydration.
What to do for severe diarrhea?
Diarrhea, not being an independent disease, and belongs to the category of symptoms that with prolonged manifestation should be treated comprehensively (if the cause is identified), or if the disease at an early stage could not be diagnosed independently.
Using drugs, or folk remedies, you need to choose those that will not only cure the symptom, but also protect the body from the negative effects of diarrhea (imbalance, dehydration).
If diarrhea has appeared against the background of other symptoms, which are not less complex in their manifestation, it is necessary to perform a number of emergency medical care measures:
- If it was possible to find out the reason before the arrival of the specialists, start carrying out a set of actions that will help remove some of the toxins from the body: do the washing with saline or diluted with potassium permanganate.
- In addition to treatment, one should not forget about restoring the water balance, therefore the patient should consume as much fluid as possible.
- Organize proper nutrition.
- Start taking medication (folk) means that will help reduce diarrhea and reduce the number of trips to the toilet.
Recommendations on water drinking regimen
Diarrhea, especially if it is a frequent symptom and dehydration, which is insidious in its consequences, is one of the negative side features that can cause serious harm to health.
So that the body does not experience a fluid deficiency, it is important to adhere to the time of diarrhea of the drinking regime. The list of permitted liquids includes:
- Any quality water without gas.
- Fruit and vegetable juices.
- Compotes of fruits and dried fruits.
- Lightly brewed black tea.
- Herbal infusions.
For the period of diarrhea, sour-milk drinks are excluded from the menu, these products are connected after diarrhea completely disappears and is done primarily to restore the microflora of the body.
Nutrition Tips. Diet for diarrhea
An important point in the treatment of diarrhea and recovery of the body after its effects is the organization of dietary nutrition. Of the permitted products, which by their properties will accelerate recovery after suffering poisoning and other manifestations that have caused the appearance of diarrhea, traditional and traditional medicine are advised to pay attention to the following.
- Biscuits, crackers from any sort of bakery products.
- Steamed omelette.
- Uncooked cereals: buckwheat, rice, oatmeal.
- Meals with a minimum amount of fat (of plant or animal origin).
- Baked fruits and vegetables.
For babies in the period of acute manifestation of diarrhea, vegetable purees, rice water, dishes cooked in water can be given.
How to treat severe diarrhea?
If necessary, if specialists have determined the cause of the appearance of diarrhea when the symptom is disturbed for more than 2 days, treatment is prescribed, both as a complex effect and separately, in order to resume normal functioning of the gastrointestinal tract. For the treatment of diarrhea, you can use substances taken and prepared according to traditional medicine recipes, or purchased in any pharmacy.
Diarrhea medicine for adults. What can I take to stop diarrhea?
Not being a separate disease, diarrhea as a symptom can cause many negative phenomena, so in some cases, physicians insist first of all to deal with it. From medical substances that you can buy ready-made should be accurately determined by the groups of substances and their healing properties, this will help make the doctor, who studied the nature of the appearance of diarrhea.
1. Probiotics. They are taken against the background of dysbacteriosis after illness or as a result of taking antibiotics. Bificol, Bifidumbacterin, Bifiform, Acipol, Linex, Hylak Forte, Acilact.
2. Depressive peristalsis. Loflatil, Suprilol, Loperamide and its varieties – STADA and Vero, Enterobene.
3. Antimicrobial (antibiotics). Ciprofloxacin (Cipro), Metronidazole, Tetracycline, Amoxicillin.
4. Enterosorbents. Activated charcoal, Polysorb, Smecta, Enterosgel.