Antabuse is a drug that is widely used to treat alcohol dependence. The basis for the treatment of such tablets is the method of sensitization, i.e. A person becomes intolerant of alcoholic beverages. Before using the antabuse and its analogs, it is necessary to consult a doctor.
He will carry out the necessary examinations, decide, how many can start treatment with these tablets in the case of a specific patient, and tell you how to take the drug, or recommend subcutaneous implantation of the drug.
In what cases are Antabuse tablets prescribed? Withdrawal from alcohol.
Treatment with pills antabuse is effective when it is included in complex therapy of the effects of alcoholism. These pills help people who have been drinking alcohol spirits uncontrollably for a long time, overcome the addiction and stop the destructive effect on their body.
Before treatment with pills, the patient should not drink alcohol for a while. After how much treatment can be started, the doctor decides after a preliminary examination. Usually it's 1-3 days, but the period can vary depending on the characteristics of a particular person.
Below is an instruction on the use of antabuse, tablets should be taken strictly in accordance with it. The doctor's recommendations and the summary to the drug - all this must be taken into account by the patient who takes the antabuse tablet. Otherwise, serious side effects may occur.
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How does the Antabuse 500mg tablets work? Effective treatment of alcoholism.
This drug increases the sensitivity to alcohol, it becomes impossible to drink. The remedy is very effective. Antabuse 500mg influences the process of alcohol breakdown, which results in the accumulation of an intermediate product called acetaldehyde in the body.
With an increase in its concentration, a number of very serious sensations, characteristic of the usual state of intoxication and hangover, but reinforced many times, will arise.
An alcoholic is always held an explanatory conversation, during which he is told about the principle of the drug, the dangers of alcohol during the course of treatment. The patient must necessarily agree to treatment. To do this, he must sign a special document. This receipt confirms that a person understands the dangerous use of alcohol during treatment and that he assumes all responsibility in the event of a breakdown.
Antabuse 500mg, as well as its analogues with disulfiram, does not harm the human body unless alcohol is used. When alcohol reacts with disulfiram, a very severe chemical reaction occurs. In some cases, it can even lead to the death of the patient.
It is dangerous to use not only strong spirits, but also low-alcohol drinks. Do not use household and medical alcohol-containing solutions, such as toilet water, perfumes, tonics, etc., since They are also capable of provoking disulfiram-alcohol reaction.
The intensity of manifestations of symptoms, characteristic of disulfiram-alcohol reaction, depends on the strength and quantity of alcohol consumed. When it is used in large doses, there may be signs of myocardial ischemia, profuse vomiting, a drop in pressure, an increase in heart rate, breathing problems, etc.
The order of treatment using the Antabuse 500mg. Drug from alcoholism.
Antabuse 500mg and its substitutes are applied only for the doctor's prescription. The timing of treatment and dosage is determined by a specialist, taking into account the particular patient's characteristics. You can study reviews about the drug, but in no case do not follow the recommendations of third-party people and do not give anyone advice on how to treat the antabuse. The reaction to this medicine is highly individual.
The doctor will conduct the necessary preliminary examinations and establish the appropriate dosage and duration of treatment. The patient should strictly follow all instructions received and do not deviate from the prescribed dosage. The doctor can recommend periodic intake of antabuse tablets inside or long-term implantation of the drug in the subcutaneous fat.
Tablets before use dissolve in water. Treatment begins after a mandatory preliminary examination and warning the patient of possible complications, as well as receiving a receipt from him. Treatment schedule is individual.
Usually 1-2 weeks after the start of treatment using tablets, a disulfiram-alcohol test is performed. To do this, people are given to consume a certain amount of alcohol. Depending on the intensity of the disulfiram-alcohol reaction, if necessary, the dose may be decreased or increased. The decision to change the dosage can only be taken by a doctor.
Possible implantation of the drug under the skin. The site of implantation is thoroughly disinfected and anesthetized. The doctor makes a small incision, usually in the left ileal region, and pushes the subcutaneous tissue, then injects the required number of tablets to a depth of about 4 cm. The required dose is determined by the doctor. After the implantation of all the tablets, a seam and a sterile bandage are applied. The length of this encoding depends on the number of implanted tablets.
It is important that the procedure is carried out by an experienced specialist and implanted tablets at the required depth, because If they are inserted too close to the incision, they can be rejected by the body. If the requirements are not met, suppuration is possible. In the event that after some time after the beginning of treatment the patient is feeling ill and without alcohol or there is no disulfiram-alcohol reaction, he should consult his doctor.
Consequences of drinking alcohol with Antabuse tablets
If a person who is treated with an antabuse will use alcohol, he will experience side effects of varying severity.
The most common are:
1. Nausea, often accompanied by vomiting.
2. Drowsiness, loss of strength.
3. Unpleasant taste in the mouth and odor from the mouth.
4. Problems with concentration and memory.
5. Polyneuritis of the lower extremities.
6. Visual impairment.
7. Headaches and dizziness.
8. Temporary problems with potency.
9. Manifestations of allergies.
Rarely are there psychotic reactions in the form of depressions, schizophrenia, etc. In addition, especially when using large doses of alcohol.
1. Cardiovascular collapse.
2. Respiratory failure.
3. Heart attack.
4. Various neurological disorders.
5. Edema of the brain.
In the presence of severe symptoms, emergency detoxification therapy is mandatory, analeptics are administered, symptomatic therapy is performed. The attending physician must provide contacts, which can be contacted in case of emergency.
Contraindications to treatment with antabuse
There are a number of contraindications to treatment with the use of antabuse and other drugs with disulfiram as an active substance.
1. Individual intolerance, hypersensitivity.
2. Alcoholic intoxication and withdrawal syndrome.
3. Ischemic disease, heart failure and other diseases of the cardiovascular system.
4. Psychoses, mental disorders (with the exception of past acute alcoholic psychoses).
5. Postponed attempts at suicide.
6. Pregnancy and lactation.
You can not start treatment with an antabuse without the prior consent of the alcoholic.
Absolute contraindications also include:
1. Severe diseases of the organs of sight and hearing.
2. Diseases of the cardiovascular system.
3. Emphysema of the lungs, asthma, tuberculosis.
4. Insufficiency of the liver and / or kidneys in the severe stage.
5. Diseases of the hematopoiesis.
7. Diabetes mellitus.
8. Convulsions, epilepsy.
9. Diseases of the psyche.
10. Ulcerous diseases at the stage of exacerbation.
11. Kidney disease.
12. Cancerous growths.
13. Any polyneuritis.
There are also relative contraindications, in the presence of which it is necessary to exercise increased caution and closely monitor the patient's condition.
It is a:
1. Diseases of the cardiovascular system in the period of compensation.
2. Age over 60 years.
3. Ulcerous lesions of the organs of the gastrointestinal tract during remission.
4. Postponed disorders of cerebral circulation.
5. Postponed in the past antabuse psychoses.